GREGORY IX 1227-1241

The Matter of Baptism *

[From the letter “Cum, sicut ex” to Sigurd, Archbishop of Nidaros, * July 8, 1241]


447 Since as we have learned from your report, it sometimes happens because of the scarcity of water, that infants of your lands are baptized in beer, we reply to you in the tenor of those present that, since according to evangelical doctrine it is necessary “to be reborn from water and the Holy Spirit” [ John 3:5] they are not to be considered rightly baptized who are baptized in beer.