The Errors of Peter Abelard *


368 1. That the Father is complete power, the Son a certain power, the Holy Spirit no power.


369 2. That the Holy Spirit is not of the substance [another version:* power] of the Father or of the Son.


370   3. That the Holy Spirit is the soul of the world.


371 4. That Christ did not assume flesh to free us from the yoke of the devil.


372 5. That neither God and man, nor this Person which is Christ, is the third Person in the Trinity.


373 6. That free will is sufficient in itself for any good.


374 7. That God is only able to do or to omit those things, either in that manner only or at that time in which He does (them), and in no other.


375 8. That God neither ought nor is He able to prevent evil.


376 9. That we have not contracted sin from Adam, but only punishment.


377 10. That they have not sinned who being ignorant have crucified Christ, and that whatever is done through ignorance must not be considered as sin.


378 11. That the spirit of the fear of the Lord was not in Christ.


379 12. That the power of binding and loosing was given to the Apostles only, not to their successors.


380 13. That through work man becomes neither better nor worse.


381 14. That to the Father, who is not from another, properly or especially belongs power, * not also wisdom and kindness.


382 15. That even chaste fear is excluded from future life.


383 16. That the devil sends forth evil suggestion through the operation * of stones and herbs.


384 17. That the coming at the end of the world can be attributed to the Father.


385 18. That the soul of Christ did not descend to hell by itself but only by power.


386 19. That neither action nor will, neither concupiscence nor delight, when * it moves it [the soul] is a sin, nor ought we to wish to extinguish (it).,*


[From the letter of Innocent II “Testante Apostolo” to Henry the Bishop of Sens, July 16, 1140]


387 And so we who though unworthily are observed to reside in the chair of St. Peter, to whom it has been said by the Lord: “And thou being once converted convert thy brethren” (Luke 22:33), after having taken counsel with our brethren the principal bishops, have condemned by the authority of the sacred canons the chapters sent to us by your discretion and all the teachings of this Peter (Abelard) with their author, and we have imposed upon him as a heretic perpetual silence. We declare also that all the followers and defenders of his error must be separated from the companionship of the faithful and must be bound by the chain of excommunication.