January 27—ST. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM

Collect

Ecclésiam tuam, quǽsumus, Dómine, grátia coeléstis amplíficet: quam beáti Ioánnis Chrysóstomi Confessóris tui atque Pontíficis illustráre voluísti gloriósis méritis et doctrínis.

May heavenly grace, we beseech You, O Lord, prosper Your Church, which You mercifully enlightened by the blessed virtues and teachings of glorious and blessed John Chrysostom, Your Confessor and Bishop.

Secret

Sancti Ioánnis Chrysóstomi Pontíficis tui atque Doctóris nobis, Dómine, pia non desit orátio: quæ et múnera nostra concíliet; et tuam nobis indulgéntiam semper obtíneat.

May the loving prayer of blessed John Chrysostom, Your Bishop and Doctor, fail us never, O Lord; may it commend our offerings and ever secure for us Your forgiveness.

Post Communion

Ut nobis, Dómine, tua sacrifícia dent salútem: beátus Ioánnes Chrysóstomus Póntifex tuus et Doctor egrégius, quǽsumus, precátor accedat

So that your sacrificial rites may grant us salvation, we pray you, O Lord, that blessed John Chrysostom, Your Bishop and illustrious Doctor, may draw nigh as our intercessor.

January 27.—ST. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM.

ST. JOHN was born at Antioch in 344. In order to break with a world which admired and courted him, he in 374 retired for six years to a neighboring mountain. Having thus acquired the art of Christian silence, he returned to Antioch, and there labored as priest, until he was ordained Bishop of Constantinople in 398. The effect of his sermons was everywhere marvellous. He was very urgent that his people should frequent the holy sacrifice, and in order to remove all excuse he abbreviated the long Liturgy until then in use. St. Nilus relates that St. John Chrysostom was wont to see, when the priest began the holy sacrifice, “many of the blessed ones coming down from heaven in shining garments, and with bare feet, eyes intent, and bowed heads, in utter stillness and silence, assisting at the consummation of the tremendous mystery.” Beloved as he was in Constantinople, his denunciations of vice made him numerous enemies. In 403 these procured his banishment; and although he was almost immediately recalled, it was not more than a reprieve. In 404 he was banished to Cucusus in the deserts of Taurus. In 407 he was wearing out, but his enemies were impatient. They hurried him off to Pytius on the Euxine, a rough journey of nigh 400 miles. He was assiduously exposed to every hardship, cold, wet, and semi-starvation, but nothing could overcome his cheerfulness and his consideration for others. On the journey his sickness increased, and he was warned that his end was nigh. Thereupon, exchanging his travel-stained clothes for white garments, he received Viaticum, and with his customary words, “Glory be to God for all things. Amen,” passed to Christ.

Reflection.—We should try to understand that the most productive work in the whole day, both for time and eternity, is that involved in hearing Mass. St. John Chrysostom felt this so keenly that he allowed no consideration of venerable usage to interfere with the easiness of hearing Mass.

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